So I saw Hidden Figures last week. I pretty much loved it. I do recommend the book, though I warn that the information in the book is...not as well organized as the movie story line was. It's still a fascinating story though. It also gives more background on things like Katherine's school years.
After the book though, when you're on that Hidden Figures high, here are some more things to read, I'm doing a combination of non-fiction and fiction.
If you want to know about more awesome ladies from history, you probably were not been taught about in schools:
Rad American Women A-Z
A short non-fiction illustrated book with short information about awesome ladies in American history.
If you want another powerful book taking place in the sixties:
Brown Girl Dreaming by Jacqueline Woodson
Powerful verse book featuring a black girl's feelings/thoughts during the 1960s.
If you're curious about more ladies that were left out of major scientist history:
Rosalind Franklin: The Dark Lady of DNA
If you don't know who this woman is, it's probably not your fault: some men took credit for her discoveries (and they got the Noble Prize of course).
The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks by Rebecca Skloot
Henrietta Lacks' cells were taken without her knowledge and used in science experiments and have been responsible for some big things such as polio vaccines, cloning etc.
You want more girls interested in science stories:
The Flavia de Luce series by Alan Bradley
Flavia de Luce solves mysteries in 1950s UK using her brain and her experiments.
The Veronica Speedwell Mysteries by Deanna Raybourn
This series follows a lady going on adventures in search of mystery and scientific discovery.
If you want to know more about some of the background characters/things going on during this time period:
Failure is Not an Option: Mission Control From Mercury to Apollo 13 and Beyond
For more info on the space race, this book is a good option to look into.
John Glenn: A Memoir by John Glenn
This NASA pilot featured heavily in the movie. If you'd like to learn more about him, his memoir is probably a good way to go.
Something Must Be Done About Prince Edward County by Kristen Green
One of the most memorable scenes in the movie is Mary Jackson asking a judge to let her go to classes at a white high school so she can get a job promotion. I've heard some people express surprise that there were still segregated schools after Brown VS the Board of Education and there was. Especially in Virginia. This book looks into one such county that didn't de-segregate some schools until 1986.
March graphic novel series by John Lewis and Andrew Aydin
The civil rights movement is always present in this film, bubbling quietly. It's not the focus of the film, but it's still very much present in it. For more on what was going on in the movement, check out this graphic novel series by John Lewis.